GOAT KEEPING PRACTICES IN THE VILLAGES OF NATORE AND PABNA DISTRICTS IN BANGLADESH. Hossain MS, Rashid MHO, Akther B , Akhtar A and Islam F

ABSTRACT

Data on household members’ contribution in goat keeping, feeds and feeding, healthcare and breeding managements, were collected at the villages of Natore and Pabna districts in Bangladesh to explore present knowledge about goat keeping management practices in the study area. Average number of goats per households was 3.27 and 88.6% goat keepers had no training. Interestingly 63.6% household heads were the owners of goats but spouses were the main contributors in goat keeping. Main purpose of keeping goat was earning money. Green grass and concentrates were used to feed the goats and most of the farmers used particular feeder and waterer.  Tube well was main source of drinking water of goats, during rain farmers did not allow goats to graze. Main feeding practices was tethering and scavenging which could be addressed as semi intensive feeding system. Farmers supplied lukewarm water and warm jute bags to protect goats from cold stress. Goat keepers were less aware about vaccination of their goats. Most of the farmers did not keep breeding bucks and used natural mating system to inseminate their does. This finding on buck scarcity might be due to shortage of knowledge about the importance of breeding buck keeping or social indignity towards buck keepers though buck keeping could be a lucrative income generating activity of poor village women. Women in some way might be deprived in terms of exercising ownership of their goats and farmers were practicing traditional feeding system with minimum inputs and they had knowledge gap about modern feeding system. Somehow goat keepers might not be able to supply balanced feed to their goats. However, a modern goat keeping system encompassing feeding, healthcare and breeding management with low cost approach could be helpful for the village goat keepers.

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VEGETABLE MARKETING SYSTEM AND ROLES OF MIDDLEMEN IN BANGLADESH. Md. Rashidul Hasan and Hu Bai

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to identify vegetable marketing channels in three districts in Bangladesh. For investigating marketing channels, identify market actors, their function, corresponding marketing cost and margin, and major business obstacles were also highlighted. Data were collected primary source from 354 farmers and 129 middlemen by using pretested semi-structured questionnaire in 2014. The results showed that farmers, Faria, Bepari, Aratdar and retailers were the major markets actors in the study areas. Middlemen were followed different payment methods, price fixation procedures and they graded and stored their vegetables for selling timely. Most of the intermediaries buy vegetables from farmhouses and village markets and sell mostly in the urban markets. Among the market intermediaries, net margin was highest for Bepari and lowest for retailer. Net margin and purchase price percentage was highest for retailer and lowest for Bepari. Middlemen used different sources of market information in their marketing activities and mobile phone is very popular for collecting price information. Both farmers and middlemen are in the shortage of capital. So Government, NGOs and other institutional credit should be available.

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STUDY OF CORRELATION AND PATH ANALYSIS OF THE FLOWER AND FLOWERING CHARACTERS OF DIFFERENT LOCAL ORCHIDS. Al-Faruque MA, Sultana KS, Dewan MR, Rahman MA and Ghose AK

ABSTRACT

An experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, (BARI) Joydebpur, Gazipur to evaluate 23 local species of orchids. The experiment was laid out in the randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Correlation coefficient indicated that length of inflorescence had highly significant and positive association with length of leaf and flowering area. Path coefficient analysis showed that length of leaf directly contributed towards the length of inflorescence. So the inflorescence length, flowering area, number of florets per inflorescence and flowering duration were the important characters for varietal selection of orchids.

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STUDY OF CORRELATION AND PATH ANALYSIS OF THE FLOWER AND FLOWERING CHARACTERS OF DIFFERENT HYBRID ORCHIDS. Sultana KS, Al-Faruque MA, Dewan MR, Rahman MA and Ghose AK

ABSTRACT

An experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, (BARI) Joydebpur, Gazipur to evaluate 21 epiphytic hybrid orchids. The experiment was laid out in the randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Correlation coefficient indicated that inflorescence length had positive and highly significant relationship with flowering area, number of florets per inflorescence and flowering duration. Path coefficient analysis showed flowering area directly contributed towards the inflorescence length and flowering duration had considerable positive direct effect on inflorescence length. So the inflorescence length, flowering area, number of florets per inflorescence and flowering duration were the important characters for varietal selection of orchids.

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DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MANUALLY OPERATED PULL TYPE FOUR ROWS UREA SUPER GRANULE (USG) APPLICATOR. Kundu A, Alam MM, Saha MK, Paul S, Nath BC, Mondal SC

ABSTRACT

A study was conducted to develop a manually operated pull type four rows USG applicator at the department of Farm Power and Machinery, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh during the period of 2013-2014.The applicator was designed to place the USG in the field more easily, deeply, effectively and rapidly for four rows considering a spacing of 20 cm × 20 cm and depth of placement 5-7 cm. It was designed using Auto CAD engineering drawing tools and fabricated in the workshop under the department of Farm Power and Machinery, BAU, Mymensingh. The final weight of the applicator was 12 kg. The missing percentage of granular urea fall down was only 2.57 and over falling percentage were only 3.07. The recommended operational speed was 2.06 km/hr. The average distance between granular urea to granular urea was 39.89 cm although design distance was 40 cm. The effective field capacity of the applicator was 0.249 ha/hr at a forward speed of 2.06 km/hr and field efficiency was 75.55%. During field operation, minimum standing water (1-1.5 cm) should be maintained for better performing of the applicator. Farmer should be maintained the soil condition so that the softness of the field helps to make furrow opening and closing properly.  The machine was very easy to pull because pulling force was only 78.55 N. This is the main advantage over push type applicator. Due to four rows, its field capacity was higher than other applicators. Farmers (man or woman) can easily operate the machine. Overall performance of the applicator was found quite satisfactory.

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EFFECTS OF TIME AND ROOTING MEDIA ON SURVIVABILITY OF AIR LAYERING IN GUAVA. Das AC, Rahman MM, Rob MM, Mahmud MMC and Sabur SA

ABSTRACT

The experiment was carried out to study the effect of time of operation and rooting media on survivability of air layering Mymensingh during March to August, 2011. The experiment comprised of five operation times (March, April, May, June and July 2011) and 11 rooting media (50% cow dung + 50% loamy soil), (50% cow dung + 50% saw dust), (50% compost + 50% loamy soil), (50% cow dung + 50% coconut coir), 100% cow dung, 100% loamy soil, 100% compost, 100% moss, (25% cow dung + 75% loamy soil), (25% loamy soil + 75% cow dung) and 100% saw dust. The highest survivability (96.97%), number of new shoots/layer (8.81) and the number of leaves/layer (15.12) was recorded in June and the lowest survivability (55.15%), number of new shoots/layer (3.45) and the number of leaves/layer (4.55) in July. The highest survivability (80%) was recorded in moss whereas the number of new shoots/layer (6.75) as well as the number of leaves/layer (15.12) was in compost and the lowest survivability (52%), the number of new shoots/layer (3.84) and the number of leaves/layer (4.55) were obtained in July from saw dust. The combined effect of time of operation and rooting media on survivability was found to be significant. The maximum survivability (100%) of detached air layers was observed in the treatment combinations of May x compost, May x moss, June x compost, June x moss and June x (25% cow dung + 75% loamy soil). The highest number of new shoots (9.53) and leaves per layer (18.13) was obtained from the treatment combinations of May x compost and June x compost at 150 DAP. On the other hand, the treatment combinations of March x saw dust, April x saw dust and July x saw dust showed the lowest percentage of survivability (40%) and the combination of July x saw dust showed the lowest number of new shoots (2.27) and leaves (3.00) as well.

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INTERCROPPING OF HYBRID MAIZE WITH SWEET POTATO IN THE COASTAL AREA OF KHULNA. Hossain MM, Zaman SM and Sardar PK

ABSTRACT

The experiment was conducted at Agricultural Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Daulatpur, Khulna during rabi season of 2007-08 and 2008-09. The objective of the study was to identify the suitable and profitable intercrop combination of maize with sweet potato in the coastal area. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. There were four treatments viz. T1: Sole maize, T2: Maize paired row + 2 rows sweet potato in between two paired rows, T3 : Maize normal row + 1 row sweet potato in between two maize rows and T4 : Sole sweet potato. Results showed that different intercropping combinations significantly influenced the yield of maize and sweet potato. The highest grain yield (8.99 t/ha) and root yield (28.75 t/ha) were recorded from sole maize and sole sweet potato respectively. But higher maize equivalent yield was obtained from T2 (12.30 t/ha). Higher LER was recorded from treatment T2 (1.27) followed by T3 (1.07) and lower LER from sole maize and sole sweet potato. Higher gross return (Tk. 184560/ha), net return (Tk. 138740/ha) and BCR (4.03) were obtained from T2 and lower gross return (Tk. 134850 /ha) net return (Tk. 93330/ha) and BCR (3.25) were obtained from T1.

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SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ADOPTION OF AROMATIC RICE PRODUCTION: A CASE STUDY OF MYMENSINGH DISTRICT. Akhi K, Ahmed JU, Begum S and Akter Shirin

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding the farm-level adoption pattern and profitability of aromatic rice production in selected areas of Mymensingh district. A total of 60 farmers were selected as sample for achieving the objectives of the present study. To collect data through face-to-face interview schedule was administered. To measure the profitability of aromatic rice production uncounted benefit cost ratio was calculated. The value of BCR was 1.45 implying that the aromatic rice production was profitable. To identify the influencing factors that affect the adoption of aromatic rice production logit model was estimated. Out of eight variables, four named age of household head, own cultivable land, technical efficiency and non-farm income had significant effect on aromatic rice production adoption. This study also identified some problems faced by the farmers in adopting and producing aromatic rice and possible solutions of those problems. Finally, some policy recommendations based on the findings of the study were suggested.

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