DEVELOPMENT OF SUMMER HYBRID TOMATO VARIETY FOR HEAT TOLERANCE. Das AC*, Debnath B, Rob MM, Ferdousi J and Islam MS

BANGLADESH JOURNAL OF PROGRESSIVE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY: BJPST
BJPST: 13(2): 054-057 [July, 2015]   ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)
ABSTRACT

 A field experiment was conducted to develop summer hybrid tomato variety for heat tolerance. Among the 10 cross combination maximum number of crossed fruits per plant was harvested from C41 x FP5 (31.0) while it was the lowest for FP5 x C71 (19.0). The average seed yield per plant was ranged from 2.78 g to 7.05 g of which the maximum amount of  F1 seeds harvested from the cross of C51 x C71 (7.05 g) followed by C11 x FP5 (6.58 g). Results clearly indicated that the summer tomato hybrid lines had the genetic potentiality to produce fruit during summer season. The highest number of fruits per plant was recorded from the hybrid C41 x C11 (27.07) that were followed by C51 x C71 (22.27). Individual fruit weight was ranged from 20.40 g to 46.27 g of which C11 x C71 produced the heaviest individual fruit. Among the hybrids, C41 x C11, C51 x C71 and C11 x C71 produced more than 1.0 kg of fruit per plant. A remarkable increase in number of fruit per plant, individual fruit weight and fruit yield per plant was observed for most of the cross combinations. The cross combination C41 x FP5 exhibited the highest heterosis over better parent (162.9%) for number of fruits per plant followed by C51 x C71 (80.56 %). The highest heterosis for individual fruit weight was recorded from C11 x C71 (66.01) followed by FP5 x C71 (65.71 %). Among the hybrid lines, C41 x FP5 showed the highest heterosis for fruit yield per plant (216.7 %) followed by C51 x C71 (158.3%).

Full Text: PDF [Pg: 54-57]

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CROP DIVERSIFICATION AS A STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY: A STUDY IN MYMENSINGHDISTRICT OF BANGLADESH. Shibli MMA, Kausar AKMG, Islam MS, Rahaman MS* and Parveen S

BANGLADESH JOURNAL OF PROGRESSIVE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY: BJPST
BJPST: 14(2): 036-042 [July,2016]      ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)

ABSTRACT

The present study covers the possibilities of crop diversification to achieve balanced food security from as a case study from Mymensingh district. The study revealed that family size and farm size were more or less similar for diversified, semi-diversified and non-diversified farmer but diversified farmer’s education level was high and they were younger than others. Profitability from the mono crop cultivation and multiple crop cultivation had a significant variation. The gross margin was BDT 3456, 5830 and 9092 from the cultivation of 0.164ha (non-diversified), 0.162ha (semi-diversified) and 0.168ha (diversified), respectively. Based on calorie intake, 55 percent (non-diversified), 61 percent (semi- diversified) and 72 percent (diversified) farmers were food-secure and their calorie intakes were 2446 Kcal, 2863 Kcal and 3029 Kcal, respectively. On the other hand 45 percent (non-diversified), 39 percent (semi-diversified) and 28 percent (diversified) farmers were food-insecure and their calorie intakes were 1756 Kcal, 1859 Kcal and 2046 Kcal, respectively. It also found that household crop production and number of cultivated crop had a positive and significant impact in attaining food security of the households. The crop diversified farmers had significant role and the greater chances to achieve food-security than semi-diversified and non-diversified farmers.
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COASTAL SHEEP FARMING AT THE VILLAGES OF NOAKHALI DISTRICT IN BANGLADESH. Sumon MRA, Joya SH, Hossain MS , Hoque AKMF and Islam F*

BANGLADESH JOURNAL OF PROGRESSIVE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY:   BJPST
BJPST: 14(2): 032-035 [July,2016]      ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)

ABSTRACT
A total of 86 coastal sheep keeping farmers were enumerated to know about the contribution of sheep farming through sheep sale return and acceptance pattern of sheep meat in the study region at the villages of Noakhali district in Bangladesh during April 2016 to May 2016.  Many farmers were found sheep meat tastier than goat meat and they (89.50%) reported that acceptance of sheep meat at their community was increasing day by day. The highest number of sheep was noted in farms group A (277.31±1.91) while the lowest found in group D (19.71±0.78) similarly; the highest return from sheep sale per farm was reported for farm group A (BDT 83461.54±1.91 year–¹farm–¹), while the lowest was documented for farm group D (BDT 15128.5±0.78 year–¹farm–¹). Over all price of sheep meat was BDT 550.00±0.51 kg–¹.
Full Text: PDF [Pg:32-35]

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GROWTH PERFORMANCES AND HUSBANDRY PRACTICES OF HOLSTEIN-FRIESIAN X LOCAL CROSSBRED CALVES IN THE VILLAGES OF PABNA AND NATORE DISTRICTS IN BANGLADESH. Hossain MS, Rashid MHO, Sarker SC, Trisha AA, Sumon MRA, Majumder MKH and Islam F

BJPST: 14(1): 028-031 [Jan, 2016]
ABSTRACT
A total of 31 dairy crossbred calves and 42 farmers from 20 villages of Vangura and Chatmohor upazilas of Pabna district and Singra, Gurudashpur and Boroigram upazilas of Natore district in Bangladesh during July 2015 to October 2015 were enumerated to explore knowledge about the husbandry practices of crossbred calves. Male calves (30.97±1.00 kg) were heavier than female (28.06±1.24 kg) by birth weight and body weight at puberty, age at puberty and average daily weight gain from birth to  puberty of female calves was 186.45±3.52 kg, 17.48±0.30 months and 0.304±0.007 kg, respectively. Farmers were alert about colostrums and milk feeding but they were not knowledgeable about assessments the requirement and allocation of colostrums and milk. Knowledge of farmers about separate calf housing was poor. However, farmers at study sites had sound knowledge about female calves’ husbandry, special care for a cow just after parturition and breeding technology to increase productivity of dairy cows.
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SWEETMEAT MANUFACTURING AND MARKETING STATUS AT NORTHERN BANGLADESH. Hossain MS, Rashid MHO, Sarker SC and Islam F

BJPST: 14(1): 024-027 [Jan, 2016]
ABSTRACT
A total of 43 sweetmeat shops were enumerated at the union and upazila markets of Sirajgonj, Pabna, Natore and Rangpur districts in Bangladesh from March to April 2015 to explore the knowledge on sweetmeats manufacturing and marketing status. Most (88.40%) of the businessmen manufactured and sold sweetmeat and Chomchom (72.10%) was the highest sold sweetmeat. Most of the shopkeepers (95.30%) sold the sweetmeat in their own shops. Majority of consumers (95.30%) preferred dry sweetmeat and most of the buyers (72.10%) were medium scale customers. The highest amount of sweetmeat was sold at religious festivals (88.40%) and more profit came from Rossogolla (67.40%) and Chomchom. Sweetmeat business increased (79.10%) the social status of the businessmen and many of the manufacturers (58.10%) learnt the sweetmeat procuring process from experienced sweetmeat manufacturers in their neighborhood. Most of the shopkeepers (88.37%) stored sweetmeat for a period of 1 to 3 days and then they (81.40%) destroyed the surplus and unsold sweetmeat. From chhana, many kinds of sweetmeats like, Rossogolla, Chomchom, Kalojam, Sandesh, Manda, Malaikari, Rajvog, Rossomalai, Danader, Katavog, Rosskodom and Amirti were manufactured and marketed at shops of studied region. Peoples bought sweetmeat in different occasion in different purposes like, birthday celebration, marriage anniversary, traveling to relatives’ house, family consumption, celebration good news and academic results of students. The study might provide with some information to take initiatives for standardization of Sweetmeat and to formulate new business plan encompassing Indigenous sweetmeat shopkeepers in the study area.
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EFFECTS OF LOW AND HIGH TEMPERATURE ON THE EGGS OF Aedes aegypti (L.)( Diptera : Culicidae ) AND THE SUBSEQUENT STAGES DEVELOPED THEREFROM. Sharmin Tarana and Professor Khan Humayun Reza

BJPST: 14(1): 015-019 [Jan, 2016] ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)
ABSTRACT
A study was undertaken to observe the effect of low and high temperatures on the eggs of Ae. aegypti and the different stages developed from there after hatching. The low and high temperatures for the specified periods affected the eggs of Ae. aegypti and the stages developed there from after hatching. The highest number of hatching of the eggs of Ae.aegypti was observed in control (90.67%) at 20°C. There was significant difference in the hatching efficiency of eggs of Ae. aegypti at control, 0.5 hour, 2 hour,  5 hour and 24 hour. There were insignificant differences in the duration of larval periods in treatments and control. Insignificant difference was also observed in the pupal duration in control and treatments. Although there were no significant differences among the treatments, length of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th instars larvae were higher in control than the larvae treated with different temperatures. The length of the pupae in control was higher than the different temperature treatments. Low and high temperatures showed no effect on the body length (mm) of adult male and female. Adults emerged from the eggs treated with different temperatures and exposed for different interval showed that egg laying decreased in low and high temperature than the control.

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EFFECTS OF RHIZOBIUM, MOLYBDENUM, BORON AND LIME ON CHICKPEA (var. BARI Chola-5). Uddin AKMS, Biswas BK, Shawkhatuzzaman M, Chowdhury MMH, Yasmin N

BJPST: 14(1): 011-014 [Jan, 2016       ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)
ABSTRACT
An experiment was conducted at a farmer’s field at Thakurgaon district during 2014 to observe the effect of Rhizobium, molybdenum, boron and lime on chickpea (var. BARI Chola-5) and to develop an application method suitable for resource-poor farmers whether Mo and Rhizobium could be added in the seed priming process. The treatments were T1: control TSP: (20 kg P ha-1), Borax: (1 kg B ha-1) and seed priming with Sodium molybdate: (1.5 g kg-1 seed) and Rhizobium inoculum: (4 g kg-1 seed), T2: control with seed priming in water, not Mo or Rhizobium, T3: control with no B application and T4: Control + 1.5 ton dolo lime ha-1 CaCO3 + MgCO3. The highest plant height (17.1 cm), number of nodules (3.67 plant-1), number of pods (43 plant-1) and seed yield (1.28 t ha-1) were observed with the treatment containing all i.e. TSP, boron, lime, sodium molybdate and Rhizobium. Seed priming with water only (along with TSP + borax) also showed better performances in producing plant height and number of plants per plant. This trial confirmed that this was as effective as soil application of Mo + Rhizobium giving significant yield response. Economic evaluation suggested that the treatment consisting lime was suitable for obtaining higher rate of return. The results further showed that liming is necessary for chickpea cultivation in the Ruhea Soil Series of Thakurgaon district.

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PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF BACKYARD CATTLE PRODUCTION IN THE VILLAGES OF SYLHET DISTRICT IN BANGLADESH. Islam Farukul, Hossain Md. Shamsul, Choudhury Md. Panir, Hossain Mohammad Hemayet and Rashid Md. Harun-Or

BJPST:14(1): 007-010 [Jan, 2016]    ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)
ABSTRACT
A total of 68 livestock keeping households randomly selected the villages of Sylhet district in Bangladesh to explore knowledge about prospects and challenges of backyard cattle production on November-December, 2015. Backyard cattle were very poor milk producer (1.77±0.13 liter/day/cow) and rice straw, grass, rice gruel, broken rice and broken pulse were the ingredients of feed for the cattle. Majority (67.60%) of the households did not use vaccine and many households used anthelmintic for de-worming their cattle. Most of the respondents did not cultivate grass. Most of the respondents used village breeding bulls (75%) for insemination of their cattle but a few of them did use own breeding bull, though some farmers used artificial insemination system to inseminate their cows. Deshi cattle were popular to the villagers and hopefully agriculture was the main way of living in Sylhet district. Outstanding opportunity of backyard cattle production in the study site were for high demand of milk and milk products, participatory husbandry system and high demand and high price of beef. But  some challenges were also there, like:  lack of grazing land, high feed cost, vaccination worker not available, lower rate of milk price and lack of capital or loan in the study site for backyard cattle production. Backyard cattle developments initiatives considering the mentioned prospects and challenges might help to increase cattle production at the rural villages in Sylhet district of Bangladesh.

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VEGETABLE MARKETING SYSTEM AND ROLES OF MIDDLEMEN IN BANGLADESH. Md. Rashidul Hasan and Hu Bai

BJPST: 14(1): 001-006 [Jan, 2016]    ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)    

ABSTRACT
This study attempts to identify vegetable marketing channels in three districts in Bangladesh. For investigating marketing channels, identify market actors, their function, corresponding marketing cost and margin, and major business obstacles were also highlighted. Data were collected primary source from 354 farmers and 129 middlemen by using pretested semi-structured questionnaire in 2014. The results showed that farmers, Faria, Bepari, Aratdar and retailers were the major markets actors in the study areas. Middlemen were followed different payment methods, price fixation procedures and they graded and stored their vegetables for selling timely. Most of the intermediaries buy vegetables from farmhouses and village markets and sell mostly in the urban markets. Among the market intermediaries, net margin was highest for Bepari and lowest for retailer. Net margin and purchase price percentage was highest for retailer and lowest for Bepari. Middlemen used different sources of market information in their marketing activities and mobile phone is very popular for collecting price information. Both farmers and middlemen are in the shortage of capital. So Government, NGOs and other institutional credit should be available.


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AN ECONOMIC STUDY ON TRANSPLANTED AMAN RICE PRODUCTION UNDER ALTERNATIVE CROP SHARING ARRANGEMENT IN SELECTED AREAS OF MYMENSINGH DISTRICT. Hossain MR, Mollah AR, Ahmed JU, Alamgir MS and Rahman MM

Full Text: PDF (Pg: 139-144)

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