CROP DIVERSIFICATION AS A STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY: A STUDY IN MYMENSINGHDISTRICT OF BANGLADESH. Shibli MMA, Kausar AKMG, Islam MS, Rahaman MS* and Parveen S

BANGLADESH JOURNAL OF PROGRESSIVE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY: BJPST
BJPST: 14(2): 036-042 [July,2016]      ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)

ABSTRACT

The present study covers the possibilities of crop diversification to achieve balanced food security from as a case study from Mymensingh district. The study revealed that family size and farm size were more or less similar for diversified, semi-diversified and non-diversified farmer but diversified farmer’s education level was high and they were younger than others. Profitability from the mono crop cultivation and multiple crop cultivation had a significant variation. The gross margin was BDT 3456, 5830 and 9092 from the cultivation of 0.164ha (non-diversified), 0.162ha (semi-diversified) and 0.168ha (diversified), respectively. Based on calorie intake, 55 percent (non-diversified), 61 percent (semi- diversified) and 72 percent (diversified) farmers were food-secure and their calorie intakes were 2446 Kcal, 2863 Kcal and 3029 Kcal, respectively. On the other hand 45 percent (non-diversified), 39 percent (semi-diversified) and 28 percent (diversified) farmers were food-insecure and their calorie intakes were 1756 Kcal, 1859 Kcal and 2046 Kcal, respectively. It also found that household crop production and number of cultivated crop had a positive and significant impact in attaining food security of the households. The crop diversified farmers had significant role and the greater chances to achieve food-security than semi-diversified and non-diversified farmers.
Full Text: PDF [Pg: 36-42]

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