PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF BACKYARD CATTLE PRODUCTION IN THE VILLAGES OF SYLHET DISTRICT IN BANGLADESH. Islam Farukul, Hossain Md. Shamsul, Choudhury Md. Panir, Hossain Mohammad Hemayet and Rashid Md. Harun-Or

BJPST:14(1): 007-010 [Jan, 2016]    ISSN: 2305-1809 (Online version)
ABSTRACT
A total of 68 livestock keeping households randomly selected the villages of Sylhet district in Bangladesh to explore knowledge about prospects and challenges of backyard cattle production on November-December, 2015. Backyard cattle were very poor milk producer (1.77±0.13 liter/day/cow) and rice straw, grass, rice gruel, broken rice and broken pulse were the ingredients of feed for the cattle. Majority (67.60%) of the households did not use vaccine and many households used anthelmintic for de-worming their cattle. Most of the respondents did not cultivate grass. Most of the respondents used village breeding bulls (75%) for insemination of their cattle but a few of them did use own breeding bull, though some farmers used artificial insemination system to inseminate their cows. Deshi cattle were popular to the villagers and hopefully agriculture was the main way of living in Sylhet district. Outstanding opportunity of backyard cattle production in the study site were for high demand of milk and milk products, participatory husbandry system and high demand and high price of beef. But  some challenges were also there, like:  lack of grazing land, high feed cost, vaccination worker not available, lower rate of milk price and lack of capital or loan in the study site for backyard cattle production. Backyard cattle developments initiatives considering the mentioned prospects and challenges might help to increase cattle production at the rural villages in Sylhet district of Bangladesh.

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