GOAT KEEPING PRACTICES IN THE VILLAGES OF NATORE AND PABNA DISTRICTS IN BANGLADESH. Hossain MS, Rashid MHO, Akther B , Akhtar A and Islam F

ABSTRACT

Data on household members’ contribution in goat keeping, feeds and feeding, healthcare and breeding managements, were collected at the villages of Natore and Pabna districts in Bangladesh to explore present knowledge about goat keeping management practices in the study area. Average number of goats per households was 3.27 and 88.6% goat keepers had no training. Interestingly 63.6% household heads were the owners of goats but spouses were the main contributors in goat keeping. Main purpose of keeping goat was earning money. Green grass and concentrates were used to feed the goats and most of the farmers used particular feeder and waterer.  Tube well was main source of drinking water of goats, during rain farmers did not allow goats to graze. Main feeding practices was tethering and scavenging which could be addressed as semi intensive feeding system. Farmers supplied lukewarm water and warm jute bags to protect goats from cold stress. Goat keepers were less aware about vaccination of their goats. Most of the farmers did not keep breeding bucks and used natural mating system to inseminate their does. This finding on buck scarcity might be due to shortage of knowledge about the importance of breeding buck keeping or social indignity towards buck keepers though buck keeping could be a lucrative income generating activity of poor village women. Women in some way might be deprived in terms of exercising ownership of their goats and farmers were practicing traditional feeding system with minimum inputs and they had knowledge gap about modern feeding system. Somehow goat keepers might not be able to supply balanced feed to their goats. However, a modern goat keeping system encompassing feeding, healthcare and breeding management with low cost approach could be helpful for the village goat keepers.

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